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Healthcare Advances, Research and InnovationsNon-HA Staff

Introduction: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) describes a condition in which the decline of renal function becomes critical and irreversible. This deterioration in renal function affects various organ systems. In addition to the side effects of dialysis therapy, ESRD patients report a high number of co-occurring symptoms. These symptoms result in a ...

Healthcare Advances, Research and InnovationsNon-HA Staff